Ground Source (Geothermal) Centrally Ducted System for a Two-Story Home
Click on the ‘hot spots’ in the interactive image below to learn more about your home’s recommended heat pump plan with videos, photos, and more. Then, scroll down to view benefits, key considerations, cost information, and questions for your contractor.
Ground source heat pumps use the consistent underground temperature to provide 2-in-1 heating and cooling that is safe and sustainable. This environmentally friendly investment is the most efficient and longest lasting heat pump option.
Cold-climate heat pumps distribute gentle, steady streams of warm (or cool) air to keep you comfortable — even on the hottest summer days and the coldest winter nights.
Lower Energy Bills
The monthly cost of heating and cooling your home with a heat pump is typically less than oil, propane, or electric resistance heating (such as baseboards).
Zoned heating and cooling allows you to set different areas of your home to different temperatures. With the option to add ductless “heads” to your ground source heat pump system, you can achieve even greater zoned temperature control.
Sustainable heating and cooling that is up to three times more efficient than traditional fuel systems, such as oil or propane.
Heat pumps require less maintenance, fewer service calls, and no fuel deliveries.
Generous federal, state, and utility incentives are available to help lower your cost.
Safety and Peace of Mind
No more flames or fumes. Heat pumps can improve your home’s indoor air quality and reduce your risk of carbon monoxide poisoning by not burning fossil fuels.
Cleaner and Greener
Not only are heat pumps good for your wallet, they are good for the planet too. Ground source heat pumps are the most efficient way to heat and cool your home, and you will have a much smaller carbon footprint using an efficient electric heat pump than if you use a fossil fuel system.
- Ground source heat pump systems give you the option to incorporate ductless heads into your design to create custom comfort zones or to heat and cool areas of your home that are not well served by your existing ductwork.
- Your electric service may need to be upgraded to support your new heat pump.
- The installation process will require digging to install the ground loops and may require landscape work after.
- While ground source heat pumps are the most efficient, they also have a higher installation cost than other options. Most homeowners, however, find that the energy savings they achieve with their ground source heat pumps offset the initial investment in the long run.
- To get the most comfort and efficiency from your system, use the time between ordering your system and installation to improve your home’s insulation and air sealing.
- Did you know that you may be able to use a heat pump for your home’s hot water needs as well? This can help you save even more energy.
Cost may vary by region, installation complexity, installer experience, system size, efficiency, and manufacturer. If you choose to incorporate ductless heads into your ground source heat pump design, each additional ductless unit may add to the project cost as well.
- Rebates are available when you work with a participating New York State Clean Heat contractor — check to see what you may qualify for.
- New York State has low-interest financing options available to help make the purchase and installation of a heat pump more affordable.
- NYS Clean Heat rebates can be combined with State tax credits, as well as federal tax credits through the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). Now you can save even more when you make the switch to heat pumps and other clean, efficient solutions.
- While ground source heat pumps are more expensive to install than other types of heat pumps, they are also the most efficient.
- Your overall heating costs will likely decrease if switching from oil, propane, or electric resistance heating (such as baseboards).
- If you previously heated with fuel, don’t be surprised to see electric bills increase. However, your fuel bills will drop or disappear, which may offset the increase to your electric bills.
- As is the case with any heating system, efficient homes that have been professionally air sealed and insulated have much lower operating costs.
- Ground source heat pumps are more efficient than other air conditioning systems, saving you more money during the summer.
- Ground source heat pumps typically last 20 to 25 years and require minimal maintenance.
- Do you have or are you considering a solar system? Combining ground source heat pumps with solar can bring your monthly energy costs to zero.
- What size units do I need? Ask for room-by-room heating and cooling calculations.
- Are my ducts properly sized for a ground source heat pump? What modifications might be necessary?
- How familiar are you with the ground condition in our area? Is there anything we need to be aware of?
- What type of ground loop is best for my property? A vertical “well” or a horizontal “field”?
- How long will the installation take? When and where will you need access?
- Will I need to upgrade my electric service?
- Who is responsible for landscaping or other restoration after the ground loop is installed?
- Can you provide references from previous clients who have systems that are several years old?
- What maintenance is required? How often should I clean or change air filters? Is annual service needed?
- What is the expected lifespan of the system and warranty?
- How can I make any additional upgrades to my home, such as adding insulation or air sealing, to prepare for a heat pump? Do you have an insulation contractor I can work with?
- Is my home a good fit for a heat pump water heater as well? Do you have a contractor I can work with for this additional project?
Find an expert to help with your residential heat pump project. Incentives may be available from your electric utility company when you work through a NYS Clean Heat participating contractor.